Fremskrittspartiet was founded as a protest movement against the nanny state and the interference in personal freedom associated with it.

This was directly expressed in the Party’s name which became Anders Lange’s party for greatly reduced taxes, charges and state interference.

These thoughts are also expressed in the Party’s mission statement which says:

«Fremskrittspartiet is a libertarian party which will work towards greatly reduced taxes, charges and state interference, and look after the rights and freedom of the inhabitants in accordance with the Constitution»,

as well as in the Party’s manifesto which says:

«Fremskrittspartiet is a libertarian party. It is founded on the Norwegian Constitution, Norwegian and Western tradition and heritage based on a Christian ethos. Fremskrittspartiet’s principal objective is to achieve considerable reductions in taxes, charges and state interference. »

«Nobody can resist an idea, whose time has come».

This is the famous aphorism of Victor Hugo. In 1973, the Norwegian people had experienced successive conservative and socialist governments, all of which had increased the burden of taxes and public charges and introduced new forced reforms.

The voters remembered the Borten government who introduced VAT and promised tax breaks that never came. Voters had no liberal alternative to the “tax-vulture” parties.

It was in this atmosphere that Anders Lange, then aged 69, appeared with his 10-point programme for a freer society.

The programme was called “We’ve had enough”. It was advertised in the major newspapers as the basis for a meeting at the Saga Cinema in Oslo on April 8, 1973. The main speaker was Anders Lange. Close to 3000 Norwegians, who were tired of taxes and wanted more freedom, were hooked by the “We’ve had enough” poster and came to the meeting.

Anders Lange brought the house down as always. There was tremendous applause, and after a thundering 3-hour speech Anders Lange left Saga Kino as Party Chairman and in first place on the Party’s election list for the Parliament.

The new party was named «Anders Lange’s Party for a Strong Reduction in Taxes, Duties and Public Intervention» (ALP). Thus the Party’s name summed up the Party’s programme.

The birth of Anders Lange’s party shook up Norwegian politics. The established parties and organisations were suddenly confronted with what had been carefully eradicated from their ranks: Protests against the collective society and the excellence of its leaders.

The first opinion polls showed close to 5% support for the new party. Shortly before the election an opinion poll was published showing that over 12% of voters were sympathetic to ALP’s viewpoints.

Still, the established parties comforted themselves with the belief that although the voters had slapped the old parties on the wrist in the opinion polls, they would come to their senses on election day. They referred to the fact that the tax protest movement, organized by Pierre Poujade in France in 1954, disappeared very quickly. The hope was that the same thing would happen to ALP.

The success of Mogens Glistrup’s new party, Fremskridspartiet (Progress Party), in Denmark however, indicated that something else was going on.

On election day (September 10, 1973) the old-style, authoritarian, conventional politicians were proved wrong. With his trademark sword and Advocaat, Anders Lange entered the Parliament (Stortinget) followed by Erling Erland from Rogaland, Erik Gjems Onstad from Akershus and Harald Slettebø from Hordaland. 5.01% of voters voted for ALP. All in all, the Party got 108,000 votes.

The first general assembly was held at Nøkling Hospits at Hjelmeland in Rogaland. The next one was held at Hotel Prinsen, Trondheim in February, 1975.

By this time party founder Anders Lange was dead. He died on October 18, 1974, and Eivind Eckbo stepped in as party leader until the general assembly when Arve Lønnum, MD, was elected new chairman.

The opinion polls were on a downward spiral.

From the start, the new party attracted many competent people who were all individualists with strong personalities.

That’s why it didn’t take too long before there were serious disagreements about how the Party should be run. In 1974, Reformpartiet was founded by a splinter group who wanted a Party with a thoroughly prepared programme. Carl I. Hagen entered the Parliament after the death of Anders Lange as an independent representative of Reformpartiet.

However, there was reconciliation in May 1975. Reformpartiet members got full rights of membership in ALP, which 90% took up. The return was marked by a reconciliation toast at the opening of the ALP pub in the basement of Oslo’s Amalienborg Restaurant.

Unfortunately, this didn’t help the results of the election. Not even active support from Mogens Glistrup in the election campaign could prevent a poor result in the first county election contested by the Party (1975). The Party’s election support stood at 1.4%.

The decline in the opinion polls continued. In April 1977 they bottomed out at 0.2%. It wasn’t easy to run an election campaign while the opinion polls backed up arguments that a vote for us would be wasted. The sombre mood spread, and in October 1976 Erik Gjems Onstad went to the press and recommended that the electorate should vote for Høyre (Conservative Party) at the next general election.

“To vote for ALP is to waste your vote”, Erik Gjems Onstad said two weeks after he replaced Harald Slettebø as parliamentary group leader.

This left the Parliament Group and the Party with no choice. Erik Gjems Onstad was expelled. Gjems Onstad was correct however in his prophecy preceding the 1977 election. Despite the change of name to Fremskrittspartiet (FrP) on January 29, 1977, the opinion polls just before the election were at 0.8%. The election result of 1.9% was 100% better. However, the Party returned no members of parliament.

Carl I. Hagen won the election for chairman at the general assembly at the KNA hotel in Oslo in 1978, and has been party chairman ever since. The laborious work of building up the Party continued along with the steady progress that began after the death of Anders Lange and hitting rock bottom in 1975.

The result of the 1979 election (municipality and county council elections) was 2.5%.

The result of the 1981 election was 4.5% and the Party returned four members to parliament.

Carl I. Hagen Chairman of the Party, Oslo
Jens Marcusson Ship Owner, Rogaland
Bjørn Erling Ytterhorn Commander Captain, Hordaland
Fridtjof Frank Gundersen Doctor of Law, Akershus

Gundersen ran as an independent on the Fremskrittspartiet list. Jens Marcussen and Bjørn Erling Ytterhorn had both been part of the Party leadership for a long time, and held positions of trust as vice-chairmen of the Party. The Party now had a strong parliamentary group, with the same county representation as in the 1973 election.

There were several reasons for the election success of 1981. Many have pointed to the fact that Carl I. Hagen performed very well in the television debates. At the same time, the organisation had recouped in spring 1981.

Fremskrittspartiet had several defectors from other parties, especially Høyre and Arbeiderpartiet (Labour Party). Among these were Tore Haaland, former vice-representative at the parliament for Arbeiderpartiet in Rogaland. He was elected to the position of organising vice-chairman of the Party in 1981.

A great deal of credit for the good election results must go to the Party’s youth branch. It was founded at the general assembly of Fremskrittspartiet in 1978. Peter N. Myhre was appointed chairman.

From its beginnings with about 30 members, FpU has grown into a strong organisation of over 7000 (1992). One of the reasons it took so long to found the youth organisation was Anders Lange’s resistance to the idea. Anders Lange’s attitude was that “freedom’s friends should stand together”, whether they are 17 or 70 years old.

Even after the foundation of FpU, the youth organisation remains represented within the Fremskrittspartiet organisation. There is also a great deal of evidence for the claim that few other parties have as many young people in central positions.

FpU celebrated their fifth anniversary at the general assembly in 1983. The next year, in 1984, Peter N. Myhre resigned as FpU chairman because he was elected municipal councillor in Oslo. Pål Atle Skjervengen took over as Chairman.

Tor Mikkel Wara became FpU chairman in 1987. He was succeeded by Jan Erik Fåne in 1990. Fåne led the youth movement through two turbulent years when FpU cleaned up their liberalism much to the frustration of a large number of party representatives in Fremskrittspartiet. Fåne was succeeded by Lars Erik Grønntun at the general assembly of 1992. At FpU’s general assembly the organisation passed a resolution to disband, but Fremskrittspartiet intervened and kept it going. Ulf Leirstein from Østfold was elected chairman at an extraordinary general assembly in 1995. Leirstein was suspended from his post when the state investigated the membership numbers of the youth branch and demanded the repayment of excess subsidies paid. This was done so that the organisation could not in any way be accused of opposing the state’s work. Anders Anunsen was appointed as acting chairman. At the general assembly in 1996, Reidar Hellisen took over as chairman. In 1998, Anders Anundsen took over again and was succeeded by Bård Hoksrud in 1999.

Hans Andreas Limi from Telemark was FpU’s General Secretary from 1984 to 1986. Then Per Arne Olsen from Vestfold took over and remained in the position until 1989. Next, the stage was set for the first female leader in the Party’s history. Ellen Margrethe Wibe from Nord-Trøndelag took over as administrative leader of FpU and remained in this job up to the summer of 1992, when Jøran Ledal from Sør-Trøndelag took over. Ledal was succeeded by Frode Gjesdal in 1994/95, Robert Eriksson in 1996 (organisation secretary) and Erik Kvistbråten (organisation secretary) for shorter periods in 1997. Since then Tony Caffrey, Tor Espen Simonsen and Kai-Morten Terning have been FpU administrative leaders.

The Party arrived in parliament as a protest movement, and collapsed after the death of the chairman. After ALP/FrP was rebuilt up from nothing as a political party, steady progress was made for ten continuous years.

Two years after the election success of 1981, the Party was able to follow up in style. An election result of 6.3% was the best ever for Fremskrittspartiet. Hundreds of libertarians all over the country entered the county councils and municipal councils, and the Party became something of a force to contend with in several counties.

But unfortunately the1985 elections were a bad blow, and only two members of parliament were returned, Carl I. Hagen and Bjørn Erling Ytterhorn. Ytterhorn died just before the election in 1987, and his deputy Hans Johan Røsjorde took over his seat for Hordaland at the Parliament.

However, there’s a light at the end of the tunnel, they say, and this proved to be the case for Fremskrittspartiet.

The municipal election in 1987 was a great success for the Party and for the first time the results were in double figures. With a full 12.3% of the vote Fremskrittspartiet now had many municipal and county representatives, much to the irritation of the Party’s opponents.

Hans Andreas Limi, the former General Secretary of FpU, took over as party General Secretary. At that time, a thorough re-organisation ensured that Fremskrittspartiet had a different and steadier foundation than ever before. This produced good results, and a golden age followed, with opinion polls up to 24% in the summer of 1989.

There was speculation about how the election in 1987 would turn out, with such “dizzying” figures in the opinion polls. Things calmed down a little towards the close of the election campaign, but still we returned incredible 22 members to the Parliament (see the attached overview)!

Just as market conditions change, voting waves and trends change with the times. After a period in the eighties when there was considerable focus on and interest in economic and materialistic benefits, people honed in on spiritual and environmental values in the 1991 election.

As a party that placed the economy at the centre of all political activity, the Fremskrittspartiet ended up rather more on the sidelines than they would have wished. This was probably one of the main reasons for their election defeat in 1991.

The situation was also influenced by the fact that Sosialistisk Venstreparti (Socialist Left Party) took over the role of “protest” party. A low profile on emigration politics and focusing on the EU issue also contributed to Fremskrittspartiet’s loss of six per cent of their voters in just two years. The Party gained 7% support, which was the second best municipal election in its history.

Fremskrittspartiet stabilised at the same support level as in the 1991 election. The Party’s position in “the shadows” at the Parliament made the Party’s politics uninteresting in the eyes of the media. Carl I. Hagen was re-elected chairman for two new years at the general assembly in Tønsberg from April 3 to 5.

The year 1993 started out with Fremskrittspartiet rating badly in the opinion polls. Even though the Party was doing a little bit better by the spring, the opinion polls were still depressing at the general assembly in Oslo, from April 23 to 25. The Party also celebrated their first 20 years in Norwegian politics with an anniversary dinner at the general assembly. Despite the opinion polls, the atmosphere was good within the Party. Two new vice chairmen were elected at the general assembly after the sitting vice chairs, Tor Mikkel Wara and Jan Simonsen, declined re-election.

Ellen Margrete Wibe from Nord-Trøndelag was elected as the new first vice-chairman. Wibe had been the General Secretary in FpU for many years. The Party elected the veteran Hans Johan Røsjorde, a Member of Parliament for Hordaland, as second vice-chairman.

The opinion polls after the general assembly varied, but nothing indicated that the Party would even get close to the good result of 1989 and indeed this was not to be the case.
The election result was 6.3%, and even though it was the second best general election ever, the Party was back to the same level of support as in 1983. The result also reduced the Parliamentary Group by half, from 22 to 10 members.

In any case, the result knocked back the many prophecies that wrote the Party off in Norwegian politics. A Parliamentary Group consisting of 10 people could still strongly represent the opposition party FrP from 1993-1997.

After the election of autumn 1993, it became more obvious that a wing of party representatives wanted a much purer libertarian ideology than the majority of the Party. This conflict became public knowledge with the result that there was a public debate about the Party’s internal affairs. The two wings each formed their own resolution that was the subject of heated debate at the various county annual meetings in the winter of 1994. This conflict came to a head at the general assembly at Bolkesjø when the first vice-chairman Ellen Wibe resigned from her post. The remainder of the assembly consisted of coming to terms with the forces in the Fremskrittspartiet who wouldn’t accept the majority’s right to determine the future course of the Party. Lodve Solholm was elected first vice-chairman after Ellen Wibe. Then Member of Parliament Oscar D. Hillgaar resigned from Fremskrittspartiet on April 22, followed by Stephen Bråthen, Ellen Chr. Christiansen and Roy Wetterstad on May 3. These representatives got together later with some local elected representatives to establish the Free Democrats.

FpU was an active participant in the internal conflict. After the Bolkesjø general assembly, FpU passed a resolution at its general assembly in July to disband. This was overruled by Fremskrittspartiet, and Ulf Leirstein was elected chairman at an extraordinary general assembly.

A party split can be unfortunate for a party (temporarily). From May 1994 Fremskrittspartiet was on the brink of 4%.

General Secretary Hans-Andreas Limi resigned from his job in the Party on June 22. On the same day, the central administrative board appointed Geir Mo as the new General Secretary. Mo came from a job as the county secretary and group leader in Telemark Fremskrittsparti, and took up his post on September 1, 1994.

In the autumn of 1994, the Party embarked on a new re-organisation at a trustee’s conference at the Sundvollen Hotell in October. Through a sharp focus on the organisation and the representation mechanism, the Party was set to re-emerge once more.

14. EU VOTE NOVEMBER 28, 1994
Throughout the years, Fremskrittspartiet has held various attitudes to the question of Norwegian EU membership. After a thorough debate within the Party and a resolution at an extraordinary general assembly in June, the Party recommended a ’yes’ vote to the pre-negotiated membership agreement. Apart from this, the Party did not participate in the referendum campaign any more than was strictly necessary. The Party mechanism was not mobilised, in that the Party’s main policy was to fully abide by the referendum result.

Whether it was strategically correct to come down on the side of membership is open to interpretation. In the December 1994 opinion polls, the Party was down to 3.8%.

Early in spring 1995, the Party’s support began to increase sharply. This was due to the fact that after a few turbulent years, the Party now emerged as a united and intact party. At the general assembly in Haugesund, in April 1995, Lodve Solholm was elected first vice-chairman and Vidar Kleppe second vice-chairman.

Matters close to the Party’s heart were the main theme of the election campaign. This meant that the Party was in sharp focus throughout the entire election campaign and opinion polls showed very positive tendencies.

FrP dominated the media during the last week of the election campaign. This was due to Member of Parliament Øystein Hedstrøm’s lecture at a meeting on immigration policy at Godlia Kino in Oslo. The media attention this aroused came like a bolt from the blue to the organisation, but the party organisation proved strong enough to deal with the situation.

The election support was at a full 12%. Fremskrittspartiet was on the ascendant and was now the country’s third largest party again and bigger than Høyre in quite a few municipalities. The Party got 140 county councillors elected (representation in all county councils) and 697 representatives in the municipalities (represented in 179 municipalities).

After the 1995 election, the Party stabilised at around 12% in all the opinion polls. The work on extending and further developing the Party and its policies continued. The big goal was the 1997 general election. It was a positive time for the Party and became even more so over the winter and spring of 1997. At the general assembly in Kristiansand in April, Lodve Solholm and Vidar Kleppe were re-elected as first and second vice-chairman.

Throughout a period of sharp focus on FrP’s core issues, the Party experienced a fantastic degree of support in the opinion polls of the summer of 1997. At its height, the Party scored over 25% in one poll.

As a result of the positive poll results, there was a huge amount of focus on FrP’s programme and political solutions, particularly from Arbeiderpartiet. As early as the spring, Arbeiderpartiet pinpointed FrP as its main opponent in the election. Fremskrittspartiet had problems defending itself from all the attacks, particularly when it came to explaining which were short-term, long-term and principal goals. Attacks on FrP reached a climax on the first day of the election, Sunday September 14 with a notice on a TV channel comparing Fremskrittspartiet with the racist party “Front Nationale” in France.

Election day on September 15 was however a great success for the Party. With 15.3 per cent support Fremskrittspartiet was bigger than Høyre for the first time and therefore the country’s second biggest party. The Party got 395,000 votes, over 20,000 more than the third largest party. This resulted in 25 members of parliament from 17 out of 19 counties (all apart from Sogn & Fjordane and Finnmark).

One consequence of the good election results was that state funding to the Party increased, and it became possible to strengthen the central party organisation. The Party’s premises in Youngstorget were refurbished and the Party’s secretariat was reorganised and upgraded. Four sections; politics, organisation, training and information were established to make prioritised tasks more visible. Extra staff was employed as well.

In the spring of 1998, Fremskrittspartiet had been in existence for 25 years, and this was duly celebrated at the general assembly in Lillehammer. Considering the turbulent history of the Party it was no small feat that this anniversary could be celebrated at the same time as the best electoral result ever.

A century came to an end and Fremskrittspartiet was preparing for another municipal and county council election. The general assembly in Hell in Nord-Trøndelag resulted in two new deputy leaders. Siv Jensen from Oslo was elected first vice chairperson, while Terje Søviknes from Os municipality in county Hordaland became the new second vice-chairman. Both were under 30, and the emphasis on young members suggested a reinforcement initiative of the Party for the next century.

The opinion polls in the spring of 1999 were good and there were high expectations for the election. Yet again, the Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet) announced that Fremskrittspartiet was their main opponent and there was an intensive drive against Fremskrittspartiet in late summer in the run-up to the election. A couple of unfortunate events meant that Fremskrittspartiet’s human values became an issue in the election campaign. Criticism of the Party’s human and moral values became a tediously repetitive mantra. In hindsight it seems that Fremskrittspartiet lost the debate on human values, although the party doesn’t really have any reason to be ashamed of its moral and human values. The election results didn’t live up to expectations, but it was still the best result Fremskrittspartiet had ever had in a municipal and county election, that is 13.5%. Fremskrittspartiet received 260,805 votes. The Party got 36.8% in Os municipality, in Hordaland, which made Fremskrittspartiet the biggest party in the municipality. The Party’s second vice-chairman, Terje Søviknes, became mayor.

Commentators pointed out what we had been noting for some time, that Fremskrittspartiet had moved on from being a predominantly urban party to becoming a party with strong roots in rural areas. Elections lists were presented in 258 municipalities.

The general assembly in Geiranger in early May 2000 was considered the most successful in party history. Carl I. Hagen was re-elected chairman of the Party.

In politics, and this does not apply to Fremskrittspartiet only, there are two kinds of politicians. There are those who work for the Party and those who work for their own ends. Those who work for the Party will further the cause of the Party in any given situation whereas the others will try to further their own cause. Tactical games are sometimes played to undermine the other “group” as certain players in it are considered a hindrance to the fulfilment of the ambitions of those furthering their own cause. When these situations arise there will be conflict and that was exactly what happened in Fremskrittspartiet from late autumn 2000, through the winter and into the spring of 2001.

Before the conflict blew up the Party had been enjoying a period of fantastic opinion polls. It started with a poll carried out and published by Sentio in Nationen on August 28, which indicated a big swing towards Fremskrittspartiet. This was later confirmed in many polls, where FrP in some parts of the country had over 40% support. The best individual poll was in Os in Hordaland, where FrP had 52.5% of potential votes. Arbeiderpartiet, on the other hand, was in decline and polls showed support as low as 10%. The so-called “popular rising” was probably a result of protest against Arbeiderpartiet more than a promise of loyalty to Fremskrittspartiet.

This situation remained the same for some months in the autumn of 2000 and winter of 2001, before it turned again.

Amongst the Party leadership there was a nagging feeling that something was wrong, and that there was reason to doubt individual members’ loyalty to the Party.

Against a backdrop of unrest in Oslo FrP and Hordaland FrP, a resolution was put forward at the general assembly in October 2000 by eight county branches. The resolution proposed that the Party’s three chairpersons were to be nominated for the general election in the first available seat for their respective county branches. The central party office supported this move. This was a resolution backed by the Party leadership.

Oslo Member of Parliament Dag Danielsen disagreed with this central decision and felt that that he should be nominated as county chairman before first vice-chairperson Siv Jensen. This along with continuing negativity in Oslo Fremskrittsparti, and the county management board’s failure to follow up the decision by the National management board led to the suspension of Dag Danielsen. The rest of the Oslo committee and some Oslo Party representatives were also suspended from their positions in the Party. Danielsen and the rest of the committee in Oslo did not accept the decision. They hired Dag Danielsen’s brother, the lawyer Per Danielsen, to institute legal proceedings against the Party in the form of an interim court order in Oslo court of execution and enforcement. Danielsen and his lawyers Per Danielsen, Cato Schiøts, Ingjald Ørbech Sørheim and Bjørn Stordrange lost the case in Oslo Court of Execution and Enforcement. They case went to the Court of Appeals, but lost again. An appeal to the Supreme Court was rejected. One of the core issues was whether one was entitled to membership of a political party. Three judicial authorities ruled that one was not.

The Danielsen case was succeeded by a bitter nomination conflict, also in other counties, where sitting members of parliament were not nominated for “secure” seats, and left the Party. The most conspicuous of these was Fridtjof Frank Gundersen, who represented Akershus, but lost the nomination battle in his own county. The same happened to Terje Knudsen from Hordaland and Jørn L. Stang from Østfold. Both left the Party and cancelled their memberships.

In the parliamentary group there had been growing irritation over the many solo initiatives of Vidar Kleppe. His support of Danielsen did not help the situation. The outcome was that Kleppe was refused admission to meetings of the parliamentary group. The central administration followed up and Vidar Kleppe was suspended from the Party after the case was thoroughly investigated. His reaction was to cancel his membership and run for election on his own. This was after a period of great turmoil within the Vest-Agder branch of FrP, which was ordered by the central management to hold a new nomination meeting.

At this time, there was also a major conflict surrounding members of parliament Jan Simonsen from Rogaland and Øystein Hedstrøm from Østfold. Huge efforts were made locally to try and prevent them from being renominated. Both emerged triumphant from the conflict and were renominated to parliament.

In Hordaland, many in the circle surrounding member of parliament Terje Knudsen and county chairman Sigrun Sangolt Natås reacted to the fact that Terje Søviknes, as the Party’s second vice-chairman was automatically placed first on the list of candidates for the general election. A process to damage Søviknes was set in motion. For several months rumours circulated about him in the media. Information was deliberately planted in the media to attempt to create a scandal. This did not succeed until a member of the central management board of FpU, Cathrin Rustøen, speaking at the general assembly of Hordaland FrP, claimed that she had been raped by ”central FrP representative” during the FpU general assembly a year earlier. There was speculation that Terje Søviknes was the alleged assailant. This was proven untrue when after a few days it emerged that the person she was accusing of the attack was a member of Oslo FpU and was not a ”central FrP representative”. The accusations affected other FrP representatives who were present at the assembly where the alleged rape took place. Therefore, Rustøen had to publicly withdraw the rape accusation against anyone in FrP. It also emerged that Rustøen had not written her own speech, but was helped by both the sitting county chairman Sigrun Sangolt Natås and another FrP member, Lars Chr. Helming. Helming was someone who held committee positions in a large number of other organisations where he was also involved in internal disagreements and conflicts. They had also sought advice from journalists from NTB and one large national newspaper. The self-appointed ”private investigator” Helming also claimed that there was a total of 9 sexual assault cases connected to FrP, in addition to the Rustøen case. Throughout, there was a huge amount of interest in Søviknes and the rumours flying about him for several months culminated in the fact that he had to admit publicly to adultery with a female member of FpU during the same general assembly. This was the scandal that some people had been trying to leak for several months. There was an attempt to portray the case as rape, without clarification of whether the FpU member herself claimed that Søviknes had been guilty of rape. The police initiated an investigation on their own initiative without finding any basis for the rape allegation.

The director of public prosecutions later dismissed the case finding no “criminal offence”, which acquitted Søviknes on all counts of the judicial side of the case. The director of public prosecutions thus established that no form of assault had taken place. The Rustøen case was also dismissed by the director of public prosecutions. The remaining seven cases the so-called “private investigator” had unearthed were not even investigated, but were dismissed as groundless.

Meanwhile, those who engineered the trouble had succeeded in bringing scandal to the Fremskrittspartiet. For several weeks the media was full of Fremskrittspartiet sex scandals. Søviknes was eventually encouraged to consider his position, and on February 12 he resigned from all of his committee positions in the Party, including 1st place on Hordaland FrP’s list of candidates for the general election.

The trouble in the Party led to a sharp decline in the opinion polls and from record highs of over 30% in September 2000 the Party began to slide down towards10% later in the spring.

The general assembly was held in Oslo and the unofficial slogan for the general assembly was ”touching base”. It was quite a gathering, and the objective of creating enthusiasm and gathering strength before a crucial general election was fulfilled. Siv Jensen was re-elected as the Party’s first vice-chairwoman, while John Alvheim was elected as the second vice-chairman.

The biggest gains from Fremskrittspartiet’s setback went to Høyre, and throughout the summer the pattern from the previous year repeated itself. Høyre made great advances while Arbeiderpartiet lost ground correspondingly. The governing Arbeiderpartiet had pulled off the extraordinary feat of increasing taxes by approximately 14 billion kroner in an election year, which affected many people badly, particularly the less well-off. Arbeiderpartiet’s first election slogan was ”Stay in government”, which really meant that it wasn’t Arbeiderpartiet who wanted to give something to the voters, but that Arbeiderpartiet wanted something from the voters. This was later changed to ”If welfare is the main thing”, which sounded rather hollow to those already affected by the tax increases. Fremskrittspartiet’s answer was ”Welfare is the main thing”.

Many viewed the election result as a disappointment against the background of the expectations created by the opinion polls the previous year. But it was, in fact, the Party’s second best general election ever. Countrywide Fremskrittspartiet got 14.6%, and as many as 26 members were elected to the new parliament (Storting), which was FrP’s best result ever. More important was Arbeiderpartiet’s historic electoral defeat, which paved the way for a conservative government. For the first time Fremskrittspartiet, Kristelig Folkeparti (Christian People’s Party) and Høyre had the majority in the Storting. However, there was no majority government, as Kristelig Folkeparti would not share power with Fremskrittspartiet.

Instead, Høyre and KrF invited the Venstre Party to discussions about forming a government. After a thorough treatment at party and group level Fremskrittspartiet supported the non-socialist government coalition of Høyre, KrF and Venstre, under the leadership of Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik.

Because Venstre got just 3.9% of the votes and therefore did not get any equalisation members, Fremskrittspartiet got one extra member despite a slightly worse result than in 1997 and ended up with 26 elected members of parliament. But this was not to last. Member of Parliament Jan Simonsen from Rogaland was the subject of two TV programmes focussing on his social circles and roles in various events. This followed many years of adverse circumstances surrounding Jan Simonsen. His local branch had had enough and proposed that he be expelled from the Party. Party central administration followed up the proposal from Rogaland. The number of members in the parliament group was then the same as it had been after the previous general election, i.e. 25.

The outcome was that the Party retained the chair of the committee for health and social affairs by John Ingolf Alvheim. Siv Jensen was elected to the prestigious position of leader of the finance committee. Lodve Solholm was elected president of the Lagting. There were speculations about whether Carl I. Hagen would be elected president of the Storting, which he wanted to be. This was blocked by Høyre and the conservative parties by supporting Arbeiderpartiet’s candidate Jørgen H. Kosmo.

Since FrP supported the formation of the new government it was appropriate that the government approached FrP to get a majority for their budget proposal for 2002. Through negotiations held at both the finance committee and at parliamentary leadership level it became clear that FrP could not support the budget, as the government did not respond adequately to what FrP wanted regarding political issues. It culminated in the prime minister demanding a vote of confidence, and threatening to resign if the government did not get support for their budget. Fremskrittspartiet backed down and supported the budget in order to avoid a government crisis.

Just as the events in 1994 surrounding the general assembly in Bolkesjø created some traumas in the Party, what happened in the autumn of 2000 and the winter and spring of 2001 had the same effect. In a year between elections like 2002 it was important to reinforce the Party, assess strategies, strengthen the Party organisation and train members, representatives and, not least aspiring municipality politicians.

A government without a parliamentary majority behind it will always have a problem when it comes to adopting the budget, i.e. getting a majority vote for its proposal. That kind of support is rarely granted freely, because the partner, or partners, will normally demand a reciprocal favour in the form of more money for their own leading issues.

In 2002 Fremskrittspartiet chose to lend its support to the government’s budget proposal for 2003, after a series of concessions. Particularly important was an increased rate for basic tax allowance, which would benefit those on low income, and increased state pension for married and cohabiting pensioners. Industry was not forgotten, with increased rates of depreciation of machinery.

There was no further fruitful collaboration between Fremskrittspartiet and the government as regards the budget in 2003. Both the revised budget for that year and the budget for 2004 were adopted with support from the Arbeiderpartiet.

The general assembly in 2002 took place in Gardermoen in Akershus and was relatively uneventful. Carl I. Hagen was e-elected as Party chairman.

In 2003 the general assembly was in Tønsberg in Vestfold. Siv Jensen and John Alvheim were re-elected to their respective positions as first and second vice-chairperson. There was not a great deal of upheaval at this general assembly either. But the impending municipality and county elections were naturally a central topic while the Party was celebrating its 30th anniversary.

The municipality and county election in September 2003 was a resounding success for Fremskrittspartiet. The Party got 17.9% support from those who voted, compared to 13.5% at the election in 1999. This entails an increase of 4.4 percentage points from the previous local election and means that the 2003 election was the Party’s best.

In 1999, Fremskrittspartiet got one mayor, Terje Søviknes in Os municipality. In 2001, the number increased to 13. The 12 new mayors were elected as follows:

Akershus county:
Ullensaker municipality, mayor Harald Espelund
Vestfold county:
Tønsberg municipality, mayor Per Arne Olsen
Nøtterøy municipality, mayor Bjørn Kåre Sevik
Tjøme municipality, mayor Per Hotvedt Nielsen
Hordaland county
Austevoll municipality, mayor Helge Andrè Njåstad
Møre & Romsdal county:
Fræna municipality, mayor Arve Hans Otterlei
Skodje municipality, mayor Terje Vadset.
Stranda municipality, mayor Frank Sve
Sula municipality, mayor Ronny Harald Blomvik
Vestnes municipality, mayor Knut Flølo (directly elected)
Ørsta municipality, mayor Hans Olav R. Myklebust, (directly elected)
Troms county:
Nordreisa municipality, mayor John Karlsen

Fremskrittspartiet also got 40 vice-mayors elected, including one in the country’s capital where Svenn Erik Kristiansen was elected vice mayor of Oslo.

It is also worth noting that Fremskrittspartiet became the largest Party in 38 municipalities. In Os municipality nearly half of voters voted for Fremskrittspartiet, 45.7% to be exact. This result has to be interpreted as the voters’ acceptance of Terje Søviknes again after what happened between 1999 and 2001.
Of the counties, Vestfold, Rogaland and Hordaland had the highest percentage of FrP voters, with 25.3%, 23.2% and 21.5% respectively.
Fremskrittspartiet also received over 20% support in Telemark, Østfold and Møre & Romsdal.

In Oslo, Fremskrittspartiet occupied sought-after positions in the city council. Margaret Eckbo became city councillor for welfare and social services, while Peter N. Myhre became city councillor for environment and transport. He was also appointed vice-chairman of the city council. In February 2004, Fremskrittspartiet got another councillor in Oslo when Anette Wiig Bryn was appointed city councillor for business and culture.

In Oslo, Fremskrittspartiet proved it was capable of taking part in constructive and practical co-operation through its city council participation, despite the fact that such participation requires huge political concessions from the Party. This is necessary in Oslo since the city council is in the minority within the city administration and governs through a declaration passed by a previous minority city council consisting of Høyre, KrF and Venstre.

The 2004 general assembly was held in Stavanger, Rogaland. The Party’s chairman Carl I. Hagen had the Party’s confidence once again. Not just that, but for the first time, he got 100% of the votes, which means nobody abstained.

One cloud on the horizon was that he announced that this would be his last term as party chairman. He and his wife, Eli Engum Hagen, who held a central position in the Party’s secretariat in the Storting for a long time, announced their plan to gradually withdraw from public life. This meant that he would step down from his post as leader of the Fremskrittspartiet’s parliamentary group in the autumn of 2005 and as party chairman in the spring of 2006. He also gave notice that he probably would not seek re-election to the parliament in 2009.

As previously mentioned, Arbeiderpartiet supported the government’s budget proposal for 2004. So it wasn’t surprising that the government turned to Arbeiderpartiet to support its revised budget proposal for 2004.

The national budget 2005 was in the meantime adopted with the Fremskrittspartiet’s extra support following tough negotiations. In these negotiations, Fremskrittspartiet made a breakthrough for essential tax and charges relief, as well as more money for the health sector, the municipalities and the justice sector, including the police. A concession was also made for increased investment in the national roads network. These concessions from the government parties meant that after a thorough evaluation the Party was in a position to support the budget after our first proposal was defeated. The Party was not satisfied, but the alternative to the government’s changed budget would have been far worse.

So the revised budget for 2005 was adopted with the support of the Fremskrittspartiet.

In December 2004, Fremskrittspartiet’s parliamentary group was greatly reduced when Member of Parliament Ursula Evje resigned from the Party. The reason for the resignation was unclear.

This meant that the election campaign in 2005 started with 24 members of parliament. Otherwise, the party machinery was well oiled both centrally and locally around the country. The Party was represented in more municipalities than ever before, which in itself could contribute to a good election result.

Opinion polls in 2004 and spring and summer 2005 were relatively stable for the Party. The support was between 16% and 20%, although there were some exceptions in both directions. That meant that according to the polls Fremskrittspartiet was the biggest party on the non-socialist side. Høyre, who did well in the 2001 election and achieved a clearly better result than than Fremskrittspartiet, did badly in the polls throughout 2005 with results as low as13% and were in a worse position than Sosialistisk Venstreparti (SV).

Although Fremskrittspartiet’s politics are firmly anchored on the non-socialist side and in the parliamentary period from 2001 to 2005 it formed a significant part of the conservative majority in the parliament, the coalition parties Høyre, KrF and Venstre were competing to distance themselves from Fremskrittspartiet.

It didn’t particularly help the co-operative environment that the opinion polls in the period before the election campaign clearly indicated that Fremskrittspartiet was the largest non-socialist party. Instead of this inspiring closer co-operation it seemed to increase the distance between the parties.

This was why the non-socialist parties were practically doomed to lose the election in 2005. While the Arbeiderpartiet, Sosialistisk Venstreparti and Senterpartiet, despite major differences between them, managed to form a complete alternative which committed themselves to establishing a majority government if they got the voter’s support, the answer on the non-socialist side was a minority government without a clear relationship to Fremskrittspartiet. When the three governmental parties all outdid each other in proclaiming how unreliable Fremskrittspartiet allegedly was, it became more and more obvious that the government was in the process of losing power.

In order to lessen the impression of chaos on the conservative side, Fremskrittspartiet did two things. Firstly, the Party put out feelers to see if there was a willingness to commit to co-operation after the election, with the remaining parties on the non-socialistic side. There was not. Secondly, the Party made it known that they would not support a government led by Kjell Magne Bondevik after the election. The reason was that Fremskrittspartiet considered Prime Minister Bondevik to be the biggest hindrance to a commitment to co-operation between non-socialist parties when the election results were out. This was received ungraciously by the coalition parties without them asking themselves for the reason behind Fremskrittpartiet’s reaction.

These measures on behalf of the Party helped clarify the situation on the non-socialist side while also clarifying the situation for the voter.

The Fremskrittspartiet general assembly in 2005 was held in Ålesund from May 20-22. One of Fremskrittspartiet’s imposing figures, and the country’s foremost health politician John Ingolf Alvheim announced that he would not seek re-election to the parliament in 2005, and this meant that he also did not wish to continue in the Party leadership. The general assembly marked his departure with a large banquet and thanked him for many years of hard work for the Party. His 75th birthday was also celebrated at the general assembly. Siv Jensen was re-elected at the general assembly as the Party’s first vice-chairman and Per Arne Olsen was elected as a new second vice-chairman. The latter is the mayor of Tønsberg, and has had a long career in the Party as FpU’s General Secretary, party administrative manager and leader of the secretariat in the parliamentary group.

When Per Arne Olsen resigned as leader of the secretariat in the parliament after the municipality election in 2003, Hans Frode Asmyhr took over this position. When Hans Frode Asmyhr was nominated to a secure place in the parliament in respect of the 2005 election at the nomination meeting in Akershus, a resolution was passed that the job of leader of the Party’s secretariat in the parliament should be combined with the job of General Secretary. Thus Geir Mo was made leader both of the parliamentary secretariat and the Party’s main organisation.

The general election of 2005 was a great success for the Party. The Party got almost 600,000 votes, which amounted to 22.1% of votes cast. This meant that the Party was definitely the biggest on the non-socialist side with all of 38 members of parliament in Stortinget.

The Party was represented in all counties for the first time.

As the second biggest party in the parliament there were a number of prominent posts which the Party filled;

Stortinget’s Vice President Carl I. Hagen
Chairman of the Committee on Transport and Communications Per Sandberg
Chairman of the Committee on Scrutiny and Constitutional Affairs Lodve Solholm
Chairman of the Committee on Health and Care Services Harald Tom Nesvik.
First Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Finance Ulf Leirstein
First Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Labour and Social Affairs Kenneth Svendsen
First Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Justice Jan Arild Ellingsen

The parliamentary group chose Siv Jensen as the new parliamentary leader after Carl I. Hagen. Per Sandberg was elected to parliamentary first deputy leader and Øyvind Korsberg as parliamentary second deputy leader.

Work in Stortinget in the autumn of 2005 was characterised by the change in government and the fact that the country was now governed by a majority government. This meant that the Party’s influence was severely weakened, but its role as the largest opposition party meant that the Party managed to make their view points known in a positive manner. Support for the Party increased throughout the autumn.

Throughout the spring and summer of 2005, it became clear that the Party’s grand old man, John Ingolf Alvheim was not in good health. He formally resigned from the Stortinget on September 30 and launched his memoirs the same day. A few days later he was admitted to Radiumhospitalet and underwent several operations there. After a long illness he was transferred to Notodden Sykehus where he died on Monday, December 5. A grieving Party bade farewell to John in Notodden Church on December 13 before he was brought to his last resting place at home in Øygarden.

A quick backward glance at FrP's support shows the following election results:

1973: 5.0%
1975: 1.4%
1977: 1.9%
1979: 2.5%
1981: 4.5%
1983: 6.3%
1985: 3.7%
1987: 12.3%
1989: 13.0%
1991: 7.0%
1993: 6.3%
1995: 12.0%
1997: 15.3%
1999 13.5%
2000 14.6%
2003 17.9%

Anders Lange’s party for greatly reduced taxes, charges and state interference is
founded during the so-called Saga meeting of April 8. The Party gets 4
representatives in the general election that same autumn
- Anders Lange, Oslo
- Erik Gjems Onstad, Akershus
- Erling Erland, Rogaland
- Harald Slettebø, Hordaland

ALP's first general assembly was held in Hjelmeland municipality, Rogaland.
The first party resolutions.
Anders Lange dies October 18 and Carl I. Hagen takes over as member of parliament, October 22.
Eivind Eckbo takes over as party chairman.
ALP is split and Carl I. Hagen is among those who transfer
to "Reformpartiet" – the reform party.

General assembly in Trondheim.
County election this year is the worst election result in ALP/FRP’s history
at 1.2%
Arve Lønnum takes over as chairman of the Party.
"Merger" of ALP and Reformpartiet.
Party offices are established in Kongensgt. 6 in Oslo.

Erik Gjems Onstad is excluded from ALP and leaves ALP's parliamentary group.

Extraordinary general assembly on the 30th January where the Party changes name to “Fremskrittspartiet”. Action plan for the period 1977- 81 was agreed upon.
The Party gets 1.9% of the votes in the general election and no members of parliament.

General assembly in Oslo, February 10-11. Carl I. Hagen is elected chairman. Fremskrittspartiets Ungdom (FPU) – the youth branch – is founded with Peter N. Myhre from Oslo as chairman.

Municipality and county council election. FrP gets 2.5% support.

General election. FrP gets 4.5% and four members of parliament:
- Carl I. Hagen. Oslo
- Fritjolf Fr. Gundersen. Akershus
- Jens Marcussen. Rogaland
- Bjørn Erling Ytterhorn. Hordaland

Municipality and county election. FrP gets 6.3% support. The first local FrP radio stations are set up.

General election. FrP gets 3.7% and just about keep two of the four members of parliament from 1981 (Ytterhorn from Hordaland and Hagen
from Oslo).

Municipality and county council elections. FrP gets 12.3% support
and becomes the third biggest party in the country. Member of
parliament Bjørn Erling Ytterhorn dies a few days before the election
and Hans J. Røsjorde takes over as the Hordaland representative.
General assembly is held in Skien in Telemark.

The general assembly is held at the SAS hotel in Bergen and a large part of it is broadcast live on NRK. This resulted in a marked increase in support according to the polls.

General election. FrP gets 13% support and 22 members of Parliament; 20 regular and two equalisation members.
- Østfold: Øystein Hedstrøm
- Akershus Fr. Gundersen, Finn Thoresen and Jan Erik Fåne (eq.)
- Oslo: Carl I. Hagen, Pål Atle Skjervengen and Tor Mikkel Wara
- Oppland: Peder I. Ramsrud
- Buskerud: Steinar Maribo
- Vestfold: Oscar D. Hillgaar
- Telemark: John I. Alvheim
- Aust-Agder: Jens Marcussen
- Vest-Agder: Vidar Kleppe
- Rogaland: Jan Simonsen and Petter Bjørheim
- Hordaland: Hans J. Røsjorde, Knut Hanselmann and Inger-Marie Ytterhorn (eq.)
- Møre & Romsdal: Lodve Solholm
- Sør-Trøndelag: Per Risvik
- Nordland: Harry Jensen
- Troms: Terje Nyberget

General assembly is held at the Hotel Caledonien in Kristiansand.

General assembly is held at Rica Hotel in Haugesund.

Municipality and county council election. FrP gets 7% support.
Karl Sørmo becomes Member of Parliament for Nordland from January when Harry Jensen passed way in December 1990.
General assembly is held at Alexandra Hotel in Loen, Sogn & Fjordane. Dispute over the second in command post between Jan Simonsen and John Alvheim

General assembly is held at Hotel Klubben in Tønsberg.

General assembly in Oslo, April 23-25. Ellen M. Wibe and Hans J. Røsjorde are elected as first and second vice-chairperson, respectively. General election. FrP gets 6.3% support and the parliamentary group is more than halved. Fremskrittspartiet gets 10 members of parliament in the new Parliament. Six regular and four equalisation members.

- Østfold: Øystein Hedstrøm (re-el.)
- Akershus: Fr. Fr. Gundersen (re-el.) and Stephen Bråthen(new/eq.)
- Oslo: Carl I. Hagen (re-el.) and Ellen Christiansen (new/eq.)
- Buskerud: Roy N. Wetterstad (new/eq.)
- Vestfold: Oscar D. Hillgaar (re-el.)
- Telemark: John I. Alvheim (re-el./eq .)
- Rogaland: Jan Simonsen (re-el.)
- Hordaland: Hans J. Røsjorde (re-el.)

Party divided. First vice-chairwoman Ellen Wibe and four members of parliament left the Fremskrittspartiet and cancelled their memberships (Hillgaard, Bråthen, Christiansen and Wetterstad). Lodve Solholm was elected first vice-chairman after Wibe. Carl I. Hagen was re-elected as party chairman. The general asembly was held at Bolkesjø Hotel in Telemark – later referred to as ”Dolkesjø” (from “dolk”, dagger). Hans Andreas Limi quits as secretary general and Geir Mo takes over from September 1.

The general assembly in Haugesund elected Lodve Solholm and Vidar Kleppe as first and second vice-chairman. Party gains 12% in municipality and county elections.

General assembly in Øyer in Oppland, April 18-20, re-elects Carl I. Hagen
as chairman.

General assembly in Kristiansand, April 19-21, re-elects Lodve Solholm
and Vidar Kleppe as first and second vice-chairman, respectively. The best
election result in history in the general election – 15.3% support and it
became the second biggest party in the country with 25 members in the
new Parliament. The parliamentary group was made up of the following:

- Østfold: Øystein Hedstrøm (re-elected) and Jørn L. Stang
- Akershus: Fr. Fr. Gundersen (re-elected) and Ursula Evje.
- Oslo: Carl I. Hagen (re-elected), Dag Danielsen and Siv Jensen
- Hedmark: Per Roar Bredvold
- Oppland: Thore A. Nistad
- Buskerud: Ulf Erik Knudsen
- Vestfold: Per Ove Width and Per Erik Monsen
- Telemark: John I. Alvheim (re-elected)
- Aust-Agder: Thorbjørn Andersen
- Vest-Agder: Vidar Kleppe
- Rogaland: Jan Simonsen (re-elected) and Øyvind Vaksdal.
- Hordaland: Hans J. Røsjorde (re-elected) and Terje Knudsen
- Møre & Romsdal: Lodve Solholm and Harald Tom Nesvik
- Sør-Trøndelag: Christopher Stensaker
- Nord-Trøndelag: Per Sandberg
- Nordland: Kenneth Svendsen
- Troms: Øyvind Korsberg

1998: General assembly in Lillehammer, April 24 -26. Carl I. Hagen is re-elected chairman. The Party celebrates 25th anniversary.

General assembly in Hell (Nord-Trøndelag) April 30 - May 2. Siv Jensen is elected first vice-chairwoman, while Terje Søviknes is elected second vice-chairman. In the municipality and county council election the Party ran in 258 municipalities. The result, 13.5%, was the best in the history of the Party in a municipality election.

General assembly in Geiranger, May 5 -7. Carl I. Hagen is elected chairman of the Party for the 12th time. Party unrest in the autumn. Members in central positions in Oslo suspended. Conflict over nominations.

The unrest in the Party continues during the winter and spring. Members of parliament who were not re-nominated chose to leave the Party and cancel their memberships. The general assembly is held in Oslo, April 27-29. Siv Jensen is re-elected first vice-chairwoman, while John Ingolf Alvheim is elected as new second vice-chairman.

The result of the general election is the second best in the history of the Party, with 14.6% of the votes. The number of members of parliament is the highest ever at 26. These are:

- Østfold: Øystein Hedstrøm, Henrik Røed (new)
- Akershus: Ursula Evje, Andrè Kvakkestad (new), Morten
Høglund (new. eq.r.)
- Oslo: Carl I. Hagen, Siv Jensen
- Hedmark: Per Roar Bredvold
- Oppland: Tore A. Nistad
- Buskerud: Ulf Erik Knudsen
- Vestfold: Per Ove Width, Per Erik Monsen
- Telemark: John I. Alvheim
- Aust-Agder: Thorbjørn Andersen
- Rogaland: Jan Simonsen (expelled in October 2001), Øyvind Vaksdal
- Hordaland: Arne Sortevik (new), Karin Woldsth (new). Gjermund Hagesæter (new. eq.)
- Møre & Romsdal: Lodve Solholm, Harald Tom Nesvik
- Sør-Trøndelag: Christopher Stensaker
- Nord-Trøndelag: Per Sandberg
- Nordland: Kenneth Svendsen, Jan Ellingsen (new)
- Troms: Øyvind Korsberg

Fremskrittspartiet did not get any members elected in the counties Vest-Agder, Sogn & Fjordane and Finnmark.

General assembly at the Clarion Hotel Gardermoen, April 26-28. Carl I. Hagen re-elected as party chairman.

The general assembly was held at the Quality Hotel Tønsberg, May 2-4. Siv Jensen was re-elected first vice-chairwoman. John Alvheim was re-elected second vice-chairman. The Party’s 30th anniversary was celebrated.

The municipality and county council election was the best in the Party’s history. Total support countrywide was 17.9%. The Party got 13 mayors, one of them in Tønsberg. The Party also got 40 reserve mayors, some in big constituencies like Oslo, Drammen and Sandnes. Fremskrittspartiet was the biggest party in 38 municipalities. In Os municipality 45.7% of voters voted for Fremskrittspartiet. In Oslo the Party got two city councillors after the election and another in February 2004.

The general assembly was held in Stavanger, April 30 - May 2. Carl I. Hagen was re-elected chairman.

The general assembly was held at the Rica Parken Hotel in Ålesund, May 20 -22. Siv Jensen was re-elected first vice-chairwoman. Per Arne Olsen was elected new second vice-chairman.

The general election was another success for the Party with the best result ever of 22.1% of the votes. The new group consisted of the following 38 members:

Østfold Ulf Leirstein, Jon Jæger Gåsvatn and Vigdis Giltun
Akershus Morten Høglund, Hans Frode K. Asmyhr, Kari Kjønaas Kjos and Ib Thomsen
Oslo Carl I. Hagen, Siv Jensen and Christian Tybring-Gjedde
Hedmark Per Roar Bredvold
Oppland Thore A. Nistad
Buskerud Ulf Erik Knudsen and Jørund H. Rytman
Telemark Bård Hoksrud and Kåre Fostervold
Aust-Agder Torbjørn Andersen
Vest-Agder Henning Skumsvoll and Åse Schmidt
Rogaland Øyvind Vaksdal, Solveig Horne and Ketil Solvik-Olsen
Hordaland Arne Sortevik, Gjermund Hagesæter and Karin Ståhl Woldseth
Sogn & Fjordane Åge Starheim
Møre & Romsdal Harald Tom Nesvik and Lodve Solholm
Sør-Trøndelag Per Sandberg and Tord Lien
Nord-Trøndelag Robert Eriksson
Nordland Kenneth Svendsen and Jan Arild Ellingsen
Troms Øyvind Korsberg and Per Willy T. Amundsen
Finnmark Jan Henrik Fredriksen.

Carl I. Hagen is elected vice president of the Storting, while Lodve Solholm, Per Sandberg and Harald Tom Nesvik are elected as chairmen of the Committees on Scrutiny and Constitutional Affairs, Transport and Communicatons, and Health and Care Services, respectively.

After a prolonged illness, John Ingolf Alvheim dies at Notodden hospital Monday, December 5. A grieving party bids farewell to him in Notodden Church Tuesday, December 13.

Carl I. Hagen declines re-election as party chairman.























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